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GR9277 #65
Problem
 GREPhysics.NET Official Solution Alternate Solutions
\prob{65} Two point charges with the same charge are fixed along the x-axis and are a distance 2R apart as shown. A small particle with mass m and charge is placed at the midpoint between them. What is the angular frequency of small oscillations of this particle along the y-directions?

Electromagnetism}Small Oscillations

The force on the charge in the center due to the charges on both sides is .

Small oscillations have a form , which comes from .

Thus, the Coulomb Force above gives . Note the compensating R on the denominator to account for the y.

Thus, the angular frequency is given by (E).  Alternate Solutions
 QuantumCat2014-09-16 15:16:59 For anyone that wants to understand where the solution comes from without dimensional analysis, note first that the charge will not experience a force if it is at the origin, so we have to displace it a distance . Now, the electric field from each has a component in and . The components cancel, leaving only the components, which act in the same direction, so you have an expression like this: = sin . Using geometry and our favorite small angle approximation for sine and tangent, we see that sin tan . This leads us to a very familiar relation: = From which you can see that the two on top cancels and jumps right out at you, leading to choice E. While it seems like a lengthy solution it's simple and straightforward, once you're comfortable with how it's done. Reply to this comment his dudeness2010-10-09 08:06:47 OK, so when you see the words "small oscillations", two formulas should pop immediately to mind: (1) (2) Looking at the answer choices, we see a bunch of forces everywhere. Substituting (1) into (2), we get . The only answer with these units is (E) (Since we are doing dimensional analysis and only care about getting the correct units, it is quite OK to play fast and loose with the equations like this :-) ). Reply to this comment daschaich2005-11-11 16:55:28 Oh dear. Looks like I missed a dollar sign or backslash or something. Let's try this again... (A) and (B) have dimensions of , (C) has dimensions of , (D) has dimensions of and only (E) has dimensions of appropriate for a frequency.Reply to this comment memyselmineni
2014-11-27 05:12:26
This is application of coluomb law. For different charge positions and other EM questions pls refer to a wonderful bookhttp://www.amazon.com/Physics-Mathematica-Jude-Ndubuisi-Onicha/dp/1499691920/ref=sr_1_fkmr1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1401627044&sr=1-1-fkmr1&keywords=physics+mathematica++2nd+edition+by+onicha+jude QuantumCat
2014-09-16 15:16:59
For anyone that wants to understand where the solution comes from without dimensional analysis, note first that the charge will not experience a force if it is at the origin, so we have to displace it a distance . Now, the electric field from each has a component in and . The components cancel, leaving only the components, which act in the same direction, so you have an expression like this:

= sin .

Using geometry and our favorite small angle approximation for sine and tangent, we see that sin tan .

This leads us to a very familiar relation:

=

From which you can see that the two on top cancels and jumps right out at you, leading to choice E.

While it seems like a lengthy solution it's simple and straightforward, once you're comfortable with how it's done. his dudeness
2010-10-09 08:06:47
OK, so when you see the words "small oscillations", two formulas should pop immediately to mind:

(1)
(2)

Looking at the answer choices, we see a bunch of forces everywhere. Substituting (1) into (2), we get . The only answer with these units is (E)

(Since we are doing dimensional analysis and only care about getting the correct units, it is quite OK to play fast and loose with the equations like this :-) ).
 flyboy6212010-10-22 13:44:31 +1 violet
2008-10-19 20:04:50 FortranMan
2008-10-01 20:02:42
recall the period for an oscillating pendulum, sort out the analogies for acceleration and length, invert, and BOOM, problem solved. 2007-11-01 11:09:08
Thanks, daschaich your solution seems the fastest, I doubt I would think to look at the differential motion equation as I would assume the y-components of this system would cancel by symmetry. 94709
2007-10-22 23:42:37
Not sure what "compensating" means for me. A bit detailed solution;

When a charge is along -axis, and when it is at very close to the origin (which is the case for small oscillation), let be an angle between two lines; x-axis and a line connecting and .

Then, by small angle approximation,

The distance between and is, therefore,

Magnitude of force on charge by ONE along y-axis is, therefore,

Using Newton's 2nd Law (or SHO differential equation),

Hence, choice (E). All this can be done in a minute for sure, but dimentional analysis is strongly recommended as daschaich mentions.

 sina22013-10-06 07:09:05 I did like you. nitin
2006-11-20 03:39:20
Magnitude of force acting on charge -q:

.

Now,

,

so that

.

 georgi2007-08-26 21:02:10 i don't think this solutions works even though it gives the right answer since you are using the formula for circular motion and centripetal acceleration.
 neutrinosrule2008-10-04 18:40:03 I'm only saying this because you did get the right answer, but it sort of makes sense (even though it's not circular motion) because oscillations are similar to circular motion... the shadow of an object in vertical circular motion is often used to introduce oscillations. The time it takes for an object to get from one side of a circle to the other in circular motion would be the same as the time for an oscillation, so since we're dealing with frequency, maybe this is a correct way to simplify and approximate this problem...
 conrad2009-11-03 19:58:29 Remember that and . Therefore . Memorizing this relation saves lots of time. This is a great approach to the problem. daschaich
2005-11-11 16:55:28
Oh dear. Looks like I missed a dollar sign or backslash or something. Let's try this again...

(A) and (B) have dimensions of , (C) has dimensions of , (D) has dimensions of and only (E) has dimensions of appropriate for a frequency.
 daschaich2005-11-11 16:52:45 Can also be done using dimensional analysis. Since , (A) and (B) have dimensions of , (C) has dimensions of , (D) has dimensions of sqrt{length}}{time}\frac{1}{time}$appropriate for a frequency.  jmason862009-09-06 16:19:13 word up. This is the best way to solve this problem under time pressure.  koppes2009-10-31 14:07:08 What is the result of dimensional analysis for Coulombs or Amps? Post A Comment!  Username: Password: Click here to register. This comment is best classified as a: (mouseover)     Mouseover the respective type above for an explanation of each type. ## Bare Basic LaTeX Rosetta Stone LaTeX syntax supported through dollar sign wrappers$, ex., $\alpha^2_0$ produces .
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