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GR9677 #68
Problem
 GREPhysics.NET Official Solution Alternate Solutions
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Mechanics}Lagrangians

The potential energy of the mass is obviously , and thus one eliminates choices (B) and (C). (To wit: , (C) has the wrong sign).

The translational part of the kinetic energy is easily just . The rotational part requires the calculation of the moment of inertia for a point particle, which is just , where , in this case. Thus, the rotational kinetic energy is . The only choice that has the right rotational kinetic energy term is choice (E).  Alternate Solutions
 jmason862009-10-04 15:04:26 MOE: As Yosun said: PE = mgscos. Eliminate (B) and (C) Also as Yosun said: Translational KE = 1/2m. Eliminate (D) Only (A) and (E) remain. Rotational KE = something... another term. (A) is only the Translational KE and the PE; it lacks a Rotational KE term. Eliminate (A). (E) Remains.Reply to this comment ngendler
2015-10-23 05:06:16
Does no one else see a DOT over the m in choice (E)???
 camcam2019-09-12 16:14:14 It looks like a printing error, there are similar dots all over the page if you look closely. That one\'s just in an unfortunate spot, I guess. nc
2014-10-16 15:48:23
Without actually calculating the Lagrangian, we know that kinetic energy term will depend on omega, so that eliminates A and D. We also know that L = T - U and that U = mgscos(theta). The only choice that makes sense, then, is E. Sagan_fan
2013-05-23 15:08:36
The no-effort MOE: L = T - U

Here T has two components, rotational and translational, so we want an answer with 3 terms; Eliminate (A) and (D).

Since the potential should be subtracted, eliminate (C).

By inspection, U has an angle term, eliminating (B) jmason86
2009-10-04 15:04:26
MOE:
As Yosun said: PE = mgscos. Eliminate (B) and (C)
Also as Yosun said: Translational KE = 1/2m. Eliminate (D)
Only (A) and (E) remain.
Rotational KE = something... another term. (A) is only the Translational KE and the PE; it lacks a Rotational KE term. Eliminate (A).
(E) Remains. f4hy
2009-04-03 18:28:36
LIMITS!
I first eliminated C since the wrong sign and then B because no theta dependance.

From there I thought what would happen if . Well then it should be like a free falling particle so D is out. The spinning must give some kinetic energy so there goes A. E is the only one left. r10101
2007-10-30 19:13:43
After eliminating (B) and (C) by the potential term, use variable dependency: T = T for sure, so (A) and (D) are both out as well.
 p3ace2008-04-11 10:25:59 This is a great observation, but if there were other choices with dependence in the middle term, one would have to solve more exactly. I would use the expression for in spherical coordinates which should be memorized, and in cylindrical coord.'s as well.
 p3ace2008-04-11 10:44:23 I hit post prematurely. Sorry.rnAs I was saying, the expressions for velocity in the other coordinates are very handy for problems like this one because one can simply dot r vector with itself to get v^2 for kinetic energy. rnIn this case, The spherical symmetry lends itself perfectly to the problem because s is just r, and is '. Also, is fixed, so ' is zero. Then dot the velocity with itself and multiply by (1/2)m and Wah-Lah. You have it.rnI would type in the origianl expression for velocity in spherical coordinates but I'm not used to Latex and would rather be studying. I got it from Mechanics by Symon, and I've used it to solve numersous problems with cylindrical or spherical symmetry.      LaTeX syntax supported through dollar sign wrappers $, ex.,$\alpha^2_0$produces . type this... to get...$\int_0^\infty\partial\Rightarrow\ddot{x},\dot{x}\sqrt{z}\langle my \rangle\left( abacadabra \right)_{me}\vec{E}\frac{a}{b}\$