GR0177 #56


Problem


This problem is still being typed. 
Mechanics}Fluid Statics
The physical equation required is the buoyancy equation or Archimedes' Principal. The buoyant force is given by, . refers to the density of the fluid that buoy's the object. In this case, is just the density of air (not Helium).
The buoyant force for this problem is . This force must balance the load carried by the balloon. One now has (approximately, to simplify the calculations, since one is neglecting the weight of Helium) a simple sum of the forces problem, .
Now, solving for the volume of Helium required, one has . Since , this is about . However, since the balloon has to lift the weight of the Helium as well, the actual volume should be slightly larger. The closest choice is (D).


Alternate Solutions 
greenfruit 20081105 08:41:46  It's really simple, conceptually. For the balloon to float:
The mass of the block + the mass of the He in the balloon < the mass of the air displaced by the balloon
300kg + (x * .18 kg/m^3) <= x * 1.29 kg/m^3
with x being the volume of the balloon.
Solve for x, x=270 m^3.  

Comments 
NSF Fellow 20131007 11:12:44  Why don't you just do
300 / (1.290.18)=270   Dodobird 20101101 08:14:52  The easiest way to solve this problem is to use dimensional analysis. We are given a mass and two densities.rnThen to get volume just invert the densities and multiply by the mass. The difference between the two densities is nearly one.rnrn300/1.11~300 D)270   anmuhich 20090315 12:22:06  Right I agree with NaijaProfessor. It's just a sum of the forces acting upon the balloon. The bouyant force is the weight displaced by the balloon due to Archimedes principle. This bouyant force equals the weight of the helium plus the weight of the mass. Solving this equation for the volume gives you 270. This amounts to the same thing as what Joe is saying but this is why it works. It's good that many people had the intuition to subtract the densities. If all else fails on this test it's best to go with your intuition.   greenfruit 20081105 08:41:46  It's really simple, conceptually. For the balloon to float:
The mass of the block + the mass of the He in the balloon < the mass of the air displaced by the balloon
300kg + (x * .18 kg/m^3) <= x * 1.29 kg/m^3
with x being the volume of the balloon.
Solve for x, x=270 m^3.   duckduck_85 20081031 17:58:16  I don't get why the buoyant force uses the volume of He while using the density of air. Isn't it supposed to be equal to the mass of the fluid displaced? Naturally, air by itself can't lift the balloon, but i just don't get the reasoning. Please help.   grae313 20071101 13:44:05  It looks like there is some confusion because the problem says, "neglect the mass of the balloon," but by this it means to neglect the mass of whatever material encloses the helium, not the helium itself as Yosun has assumed.
Thank you for this site, Yosun!   joe 20061021 21:03:19  One could also find the difference in the densities of air and helium (1.290.18=1.11) Then use that number to find the answer (300/1.11=270).
jesford 20080405 10:13:47 
I agree with joe... the correct way to do this problem would be to use the differences in densities for finding the bouyant force.
I really appreciate this site! Thanks Yosun, and everyone who contributes!

Poop Loops 20081101 19:49:22 
That's the way I did it. I thought it was dubious reasoning, but if others did it the same way then it must be alright to do it that way.

QM320 20081105 20:59:29 
That's what I did as well. I figured that the buoyancy force (up) of the He must equal the sum of weight + the downward force exerted by the air. I took the downward force exerted by the air to be where V is the volume of helium (assumed to be approximately equal to the volume of air exerting the force).

carl_the_sagan 20081107 19:42:52 
Also did it this way, if you can see a quick trick like this and arrived at a supplied answer, it's almost always a good thing.

jmason86 20090712 15:47:58 
I also did it like this.
It didn't seem like there should be any fundamental constants coming into play for this problem, so I just did dimensional analysis to figure out what combination of the values given would yield units. It worked out and only took about 30 seconds to complete the entire problem.. important time saved on this test :)

  joe 20061021 21:01:53    NaijaProfessor 20051124 06:18:47  If u equate the buoyant force to the weigth of the mass and that of helium, ur answer will be very approximate to 270m3. The helium gas does have weight u know acting downwards. Thus,
0.189Vg + 300g = Bouyant force  

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