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Advanced Topics}Nuclear Physics

In symmetric fission, the change in kinetic energy is just the change in binding energy. The change in binding energy for a N-nucleon heavy nucleus is the difference in energy between the initial un-fissioned heavy nucleus and the final 2 medium-sized nuclei,

\Delta E = 2\times 0.5 N \times 8MeV/nucleon - N \times 7MeV/nucleon = N \times 1MeV/nucleon.

For a heavy nucleus, one has N\approx 200, and thus one arrives at choice (C).
(This is due to David Schaich.)

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2014-02-09 12:23:10
asdfuogh: 934 is the rest mass of a proton, it has nothing to do with binding energy here.
The way to answer this question is by first calculating the binding energy per nucleon in a fission reaction, which as show above is 1MeV, and then a quick look at the options available should make it obvious that the only sensible asnwer is C, as it corresponds to 200 nucleons, (D,E are certainly to small for fusion, and I have never heard of an atom that has 938 nucleons, let alone 1876!, so its not A or B either)
2013-03-30 10:51:37
I don't understand this problem. does the initial binding energy get converted to the binding energy of the two medium sized nuclei plus the kinetic energy of those nuclei? If thats the case the kinetic energy is -200 mev which makes no sense.NEC
2011-10-09 21:56:36
I'd pick something less than 934 MeV because that's the energy you get if you had a 100% conversion of a proton. Then, I'd pick higher than 8 MeV because it's the binding energy per a nucleon.. but that reason is, well, I don't think it's very rational. But at least we get rid of two other answers!NEC
2011-10-07 14:07:00
I didn't understand where the "0.5" came from in Yosun's equation: 2*0.5*N*8MeV/nucleon! Can anyone help me?
2011-10-09 16:31:02
There are two products of the decay, with each having half the number of nucleons of the original one, hence 2\times 0.5N (that's what fission does).
2010-11-11 20:46:43
Who gets to decide what is heavy and what is medium-weight? NEC
2010-09-20 11:32:42
Why is the final state particles have *higher* total binding energy after fission than the original neucleus???
2010-10-02 20:46:18
The final binding energy is indeed smaller. Its the final binding energy/nucleon that's higher.
2008-02-16 21:28:31
Q=(# of nucleons)(|change in energy per nucleon|)rnrnUsing the mass number of a heavy nucleon(A=200)rnrnQ = (200)(8-7)Mev = 200Mev
2010-11-07 18:29:56
I agree with you
2007-10-31 10:19:08
also it might help to remember that iron is the most stable nucleus with A ~ 50 and then uranium is about 250 (232, 252 whatever) so then if this is a large unstable nucleus, and each nucleon gves 1mev you're gonna get about 200...NEC
2005-11-10 06:49:25
I've seen this number (200 MeV/fission) appear in a lot of elementary physics books and even a lot of lectures. If you forget everything else, just remember 200 MeV per fission...NEC

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