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Verbatim question for GR8677 #66
Thermodynamics}First Law

Recall that dQ=TdS=PdV+dU, where work done by the system is positive and heat input into the system is positive. For constant volume, the equation becomes dQ=TdS=dU.

 \Rightarrow T=\left(\frac{\partial U}{\partial S}\right)_V. The reciprocol gives the right answer.

See below for user comments and alternate solutions! See below for user comments and alternate solutions!
Alternate Solutions
ryanjsfx
2014-09-21 13:08:27
I'm not sure my logic is sound but I got this just by process of elimination.

We're looking for inverse of T, so eliminate A and B since they look normal (not inverted) expressions.

If T changes, so does U [U = U(T)]. Eliminate C and D.

That leaves E.
Alternate Solution - Unverified
Hardik
2008-11-06 13:11:39
Use statistical definition of temperature and entropyrnrnvoilaAlternate Solution - Unverified
Comments
socolenco_
2015-09-18 23:21:35
You have [\\ ML^{2}\\ T^{-2}\\ K^{-1}] for entropy and [\\ ML^{2}\\ T^{-2}] for internal energy and their ratio is\\ K^{-1}, which is exactly the reciprocal of the Kelvin temperature T.\r\nNEC
ryanjsfx
2014-09-21 13:08:27
I'm not sure my logic is sound but I got this just by process of elimination.

We're looking for inverse of T, so eliminate A and B since they look normal (not inverted) expressions.

If T changes, so does U [U = U(T)]. Eliminate C and D.

That leaves E.
Alternate Solution - Unverified
spacemanERAU
2009-10-18 18:22:02
how do you know the volume is constant?
neon37
2010-11-03 11:30:43
because PdV needs to be zero in dQ = dU + PdV So that we can use dQ = dU. Otherwise, the answer would be complicated and you would have to reciprocate the whole thing. And there is no complicated answer in the question.
flyboy621
2010-11-14 22:13:36
You don't know the volume is constant. What you know is that IF you hold the volume constant while differentiating the entropy with respect to internal energy, you get the inverse of the temperature. Whenever you take a partial derivative, you have to hold something constant.
Answered Question!
Hardik
2008-11-06 13:11:39
Use statistical definition of temperature and entropyrnrnvoilaAlternate Solution - Unverified
student2008
2008-10-12 06:31:38
Actually, one can recall the general differential expression for the energy of a system dU = TdS - PdV + \mu dN. Thus, T = \left(\frac{\partial U}{\partial S}\right)_{N,V}.
flyboy621
2010-11-14 22:14:45
Perfect solution!
NEC
carlospardo
2007-10-03 13:10:49
All this is unnecessary. When obvious, select the answer with correct units.
djh101
2014-08-28 13:46:39
I can recall dU = TdS - PDV off the top of my head better than units of entropy (which I would probably derive from that equation anyway).
NEC
carlospardo
2007-10-03 13:10:48
All this is unnecessary. When obvious, select the answer with correct units.NEC
WTarrasque
2006-11-03 19:12:23
In the compiled solutions PDF, the reciprocal is only taken of one side. Thus it has:

\frac{1}{T}=\left( \frac{\delta U}{\delta S} \right) _V instead of \frac{1}{T}= \left( \frac{\delta S}{\delta U} \right) _V
NEC
jax
2005-12-03 10:59:32
You mean (\frac{DS}{DU})_V is the correct answer, right?
yosun
2005-12-04 23:11:43
right. note that the above is given in terms of inverse Temperature --- a commonly used multiplier quantity in thermo.
jax
2005-12-05 06:51:18
Doesn't the question ask for inverse temperature? When I worked it out I got \frac{1}{T}  = (\frac{\partial S}{\partial U})_V
walczyk
2011-03-10 21:54:37
at extremely low energies, a small change in energy amounts to a huge gain in entropy, so the inverse T is huge, and T is tiny.
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