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Optics}Aperture Formula

The circular aperture formula (a.k.a. Rayleigh Criterion) is given by \theta = 1.22 \lambda / D. Plug in the given quantities to get that.

(It's a nice formula to memorize, as it's used as common sense in a variety of engineering fields, as well as in remote-sensing, such as satellite-communications.)

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2015-10-07 05:43:54
Can anyone tell me where the 1.22 comes from? I would memorize the formula with that constant, but I am just interested to know where it comes from.
2017-03-28 09:21:55
From some accurate integration for a diffraction from a circular aperture
2017-10-26 00:47:57
Just in case anyone comes across comes from integrating over a circular aperture in optics. The 1.22 comes from a zero of a first order Bessel\'s function of the first kind. I believe the zero of the function is about 3.9, then dividing it by pi gives you the 1.22.
2007-11-01 16:19:02
"that" being 2.5 cm, or choice (B) :) thanks Yosun
2008-09-23 21:13:33
I'm confused about units...which unit do we have to use as wavelength, do we need to use nanometer or sth else??
2008-10-31 04:40:39
use lambda in metres then u get D in metres, use lambda in cms to get D in cms.
1 nanometre is 10^(-7) cm and 10^(-9) m
2009-09-30 21:30:14
1 nm is 10^(-11) cm. I believe nobel meant to say that 100 nm is 10^(-7)m. Then when dividing by the angle in radians, you get 2.44*10^(-2)m, which is 2.44 cm.
2009-10-27 10:47:29
Sorry andrew0387, you seem to be confused. Nobel is right, 1 nm is 10^(-9)m and it is also 10^(-7)cm....always remember whenever you consider smaller units, the number in the power gets bigger. In this case, -7 is bigger than -9. Therefore, 1 nm is NOT 10^(-11)cm.

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