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GR0177 #37
Problem
 GREPhysics.NET Official Solution Alternate Solutions
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Thermodynamics}Cycle Analysis

For path C to A, one has for an isochoric (constant volume) process.

For path A to B, one has just for an isobaric (constant pressure) process.

For path B to C, one has .

One can figure out from the isothermal condition . Plug that in above to get,

, which is closest to choice (D).  Alternate Solutions
 wikiwert2010-10-05 12:13:13 Counterclockswise: negative work. Area: the surface is an approximate triangle and V_B ~ 4. Then W = Area ~ - (500 -200) * (4-2)/2 = -300 Reply to this comment scottopoly2006-11-02 21:59:29 To expand on herrphysik who has given a very good & quick solution: We still do not know that the diagram is to scale, but: since we know P & V at C, and since we know P at B, and since from C -> B, we can quickly get . Then we can quickly calculate the area of the triangle, knowing the answer will be less than that. Luckily the area is .Reply to this comment herrphysik2006-09-23 17:07:08 I think the easiest way to do this problem is to just estimate the area within ABC. Looking at the graph, point B is at about 4.5. So if you take the box that AB and AC form, the area within ABC is a little less than 1/2 that...more like 1/2.5. Thus, . And since there is work done on the gas here it is -300.Reply to this comment cquinone
2018-10-04 19:26:08
The area estimations I\'m seeing here and in other solutions are wrong, you can easily calculate the range of V to be 2-5, so area should be estimated as 1/2(b)*(h) = 1/2(5-2)(500-200)= 1/2(900) = 450. This is equidistant to 300 and 600, but you know that your estimate was slightly high as the isotherm BC dips down. So you pick -300. omidkhakpour
2014-02-07 08:12:44
by concept integral and work (p*v) you can eliminate a and b and c and e (total area cyclic is negative.b to c is negative. a to b is positive and more from a to b and less from twice a to b)
note: you need work done by the gas no by environment
you mus calculate just volume of b wikiwert
2010-10-05 12:13:13
Counterclockswise: negative work.

Area: the surface is an approximate triangle and V_B ~ 4.

Then W = Area ~ - (500 -200) * (4-2)/2 = -300
 wikiwert2010-10-05 12:15:55 This is similar to what herrphysik said 4 years ago : P. physicsman
2010-01-27 22:23:17
Q=W= (negative the area inside the loop)

Anyway you want to guess that area is the issue. Its kinda lame without the scale but -300 is the best guess just eyeballing it. umichfan1
2006-11-26 17:23:02
I came up with the exactly the same solution as the one given by this website, but isn't it a little weird that it wasn't one of the choices? Is it common for ETS to omit the true solution, give various other alternatives, and then ask us to select the one which is "most nearly" correct?
 dillon2008-09-05 10:40:31 I think in this particular case ETS didn't give the true answer because there is no reason to actually deal with logs. Since it is isothermal, it is easy to recognize that B must have a volume of 5. Since the work done from A to B is 300 kJ and the work from B to C has to be less than minus 300 kJ and more than -450, the best answer is clearly D. No real calculations at all.
 realcomfy2008-09-27 03:57:55 I'm sorry, but I don't understand where you came up with the work needs to be greater than -450kJ. I guess what I am still confused about is how are we supposed to estimate the value of the log function?
 alemsalem2010-10-04 12:04:16 it's just a little smaller than one, 5/2 or 2.5 is very close to e which is almost 2.7 so ln(2.5) is not far from 1 scottopoly
2006-11-02 21:59:29
To expand on herrphysik who has given a very good & quick solution:

We still do not know that the diagram is to scale, but: since we know P & V at C, and since we know P at B, and since from C -> B, we can quickly get . Then we can quickly calculate the area of the triangle, knowing the answer will be less than that. Luckily the area is .
 realcomfy2008-09-27 03:59:44 I like this solution, but I don't understand how we can, simply by estimating, know that the work is supposed to be negative. It is easy to find the area, but how do we know it is -300kJ and not positive?
 mrmeep2008-10-13 18:02:16 I have the same question as realcomfy; when we do the area method, how do we know the value should be negative and not positive?
 wangjj01202008-10-27 01:19:55 It's easy, just rememer that if the diagram is clockwise, the work that the system does is positive, and it's negative otherwise.
 sirius2008-10-28 22:07:44 the gas does positive work in the expansion from A to B. It then does negative work from B to C. You can tell that the magnitude if the work from B to C is greater than the magnitude of the work from A to B by the fact that in addition to the compression work, there is also heat being added to the system, so more work must be done. This, then, is the reason why the work for the cyclic process is negative. This sort of thinking or careful thought of the area/integral approach can lead to the conclusion that CW cycles have positive work and CCW cycles have negative work.
 anmuhich2009-03-14 13:14:43 Yes, another easy way to see that it's negative is to notice that the pressure in the B -> C process is always higher than the pressure in the A -> B process. In general you can approximate work with a straight line with W= P (deltaV) which means B -> C has the larger magnitude of the two. Since the gas is compressing in B -> C, it means that the gas is doing negative work because the convention is that when the gas expands it does positive work. So if you combine these ideas you get a net negative work.
 nyuko2009-11-04 23:25:25 Yeah, I did it this way too :D herrphysik
2006-09-23 17:07:08
I think the easiest way to do this problem is to just estimate the area within ABC. Looking at the graph, point B is at about 4.5. So if you take the box that AB and AC form, the area within ABC is a little less than 1/2 that...more like 1/2.5. Thus, . And since there is work done on the gas here it is -300.
 grae3132007-11-01 14:56:31 As scottopoly said, You don't need to estimate V(B) for an ideal gas, just use and solve for the unknown volume. jax
2005-12-08 09:34:01
How are we supposed to know that ln(2/5) ~ -1 without a calculator?
 ymormy2006-03-29 16:32:48 Maybe from this: we know , and . So . So . So cannot be 600. ee7klt
2005-11-11 04:00:27
Hi,

I think that there shouldn't be a minus sign in front of since ?
 yosun2005-11-11 14:24:40 ee7klt: thanks for the typo-alert; the typo has been corrected.      LaTeX syntax supported through dollar sign wrappers $, ex.,$\alpha^2_0$produces . type this... to get...$\int_0^\infty\partial\Rightarrow\ddot{x},\dot{x}\sqrt{z}\langle my \rangle\left( abacadabra \right)_{me}\vec{E}\frac{a}{b}\$